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Bismuth chloride is used as a catalyst in organic synthesis. In particular, it catalyzes the Michael reaction and the Mukaiyama-aldol reaction. The addition of other metal iodides increases its catalytic activity.
B Garrigues.; F Gonzaga.; H Robert. Bismuth (III) chloride or triflate-catalyzed dienophilic activity of α-ethylenic aldehydes and ketones. J. Org. Chem. 1997, 62, (14), 4880-4882.
H Robert.; B Garrigues.;J Dubac . The carbonyl-Diels-Alder reaction catalyzed by bismuth (III) chloride. Tetrahedron Letters. . 1997, 39, (10), 1161-1164.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant