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Bismuth chloride is used as a catalyst in organic synthesis. In particular, it catalyzes the Michael reaction and the Mukaiyama-aldol reaction. The addition of other metal iodides increases its catalytic activity.
B Garrigues.; F Gonzaga.; H Robert. Bismuth (III) chloride or triflate-catalyzed dienophilic activity of α-ethylenic aldehydes and ketones. J. Org. Chem. 1997, 62, (14), 4880-4882.
H Robert.; B Garrigues.;J Dubac . The carbonyl-Diels-Alder reaction catalyzed by bismuth (III) chloride. Tetrahedron Letters. . 1997, 39, (10), 1161-1164.
Hazard Statements: H303-H314-H318
May be harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.