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Lanthanum chloride solutions are used in various water treatment applications. It is also used in biochemical research. Doped with cerium, it is applied as a scintillator material. In organic synthesis, lanthanum trichloride functions as a mild lewis acid. This compound is used in gamma detectors.
Goscianska, J.; Marciniak, M.; Pietrzak, R. Mesoporous carbons modified with lanthanum(III) chloride for methyl orange adsorption. Chem. Eng. J. 2014, 247, 258-264.
Wang, L.; Wang, W.; Zhou, Q.; Huang, X. Combined effects of lanthanum (III) chloride and acid rain on photosynthetic parameters in rice. Chemosphere 2014, 112, 355-361.
Hazard Statements: H290-H317-H318
May be corrosive to metals. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P272-P280-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P310-P333+P313-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant