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In air-conditioning, welding and soldering flux, dry batteries, heat-exchange media, salt baths, and desiccants.Lithium chloride is useful for the production of lithium metal, and for the generation of Mn(0) species which can be used in free radical cyclizations. It can serve as a flame colorant to generate dark red flames, a brazing flux for aluminum in automobiles, a hygrometer, and a desiccant for drying air streams. On exposure to air, it becomes a solution with the concentration directly related to relative humidity of the atmosphere, and hence serves as a relative humidity standard in calibrating hygrometers. Apart from being a source of chloride, it serves as an additive in the Stille reaction in organic synthesis, and to precipitate RNA from cellular extracts. Being biologically significant, it finds applications in a wide variety of assays to study cell-fate and neurobiology. Lithium chloride has been found to inhibit virus infection.
Kowalczyk, S. W.; Wells, D. B.; Aksimentiev, A.; Dekker, C. Slowing down DNA Translocation through a Nanopore in Lithium Chloride. Nano Lett. 2012, 12 (2), 1038-1044.
Deng, L.-J.; Liu, J.; Huang, J.-Q.; Hud, Y.; Chen, M.; Lan, Y.; Chen, J.-H.; Lei, A.; Yang, Z. Effect of Lithium Chloride on Tuning the Reactivity of Pauson-Khand Reactions Catalyzed by Palladium-Tetramethylthiourea. Synthesis 2007, 2565-2570.
Fumo, N.; Goswami, D. Y. Study of an Aqueous Lithium Chloride Desiccant System: Air Dehumidification and Desiccant Regeneration. Sol. Energy 2002, 72 (4), 51-361.
Krasovskiy, A.; Knochel, P. A LiCl-Mediated Br/Mg Exchange Reaction for the Preparation of Functionalized Aryl- and Heteroarylmagnesium Compounds from Organic Bromides. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2004, 43 (25), 3333-3336.
Chen, H. -C.; Chien, W. -C.; Changc, M. -Y.; Hsieh, M. -Y.; Lai, M. -D.; Maa, M. -C.; Leu, T. -H., The iNOS/Src/FAK axis contributes to lithium chloride-mediated macrophage migration. Nitric Oxide 2015, 47, 58-64.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P314-P330-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant