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Reducing agent, buffering agent, complexing agent, Noble metal precipitantSodium formate is used in analytical chemistry to precipitate noble metals. It is used for tanning leather, for dyeing and printing fabrics. It acts as an electroplating agent, an acidulant in the textile industry, a reducing agent, a mordant, a complexing agent. Further, it is used in photographic fixing baths. In addition, it is used as a buffering agent for strong mineral acids and food additive.
Kathó, Á.; Szatmári, I.; Papp, G.; Joó, F. Effect of 2-Propanol on the Transfer Hydrogenation of Aldehydes by Aqueous Sodium Formate using a Rhodium(I)-sulfonated Triphenylphosphine Catalyst. Int. J. Chem. 2015, 69 (6), 339-344.
Soni, R.; Hall, T. H.; Mitchell, B. P.; Owen, M. R.; Wills, M. Asymmetric reduction of electron-rich ketones with tethered ru(II)/TsDPEN catalysts using formic acid/triethylamine or aqueous sodium formate. J. Org. Chem. 2015, 80 (13), 6784-6793.
Hazard Statements: H315-H320-H335-H500
Causes skin irritation. Causes eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May form combustible dust concentrations in air
Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant