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It is used as a solvent for chemical reactions involving salts, most notably in Finkelstein reactions and in other nucleophilic substitutions. DMSO is an effective pain relieving agent. Used in antifreeze or hydraulic fluids. Utilized in the oxidation of thiols and disulfides to sulfonic acids. Used to enhance dermal absorption of many chemicals.
Notman, R.; Noro, M.; O'Malley, B.; Anwar, J. Molecular Basis for Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) Action on Lipid Membranes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. ,2006, ,128, (43), 13982-13983.
Song, S.; Huang, X.; Liang, Y. F.; Tang, C.; Li, X.; Jiao, N. From simple organobromides or olefins to highly value-added bromohydrins: a versatile performance of dimethyl sulfoxide. Green Chem. 2015, , 17, (5), 2727-2731.
Hazard Statements: H227
Precautionary Statements: P210u-P280a-P370+P378a-P403+P235-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. In case of fire: Use for extinction: CO2, powder or water spray. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.