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It is widely employed as a water softener, an electrolyte, as a good conductor in electrolysis, as a primary standard for acid-base titrations and mostly as a buffer component in applications such as chromatography, capillary electrophoresis and enzyme catalysis. Also used in glass manufacture, detergent manufacture, sodium chemicals, carbonate chemicals manufacture, pulp and paper, brine treatment, flue gas desulfurization, coal treatment and ion exchange resin regeneration.
Andujar, C. B.; Ortega, D.; Southern, P.; Pankhurst, Q. A.; Thanh, N. T. K. High performance multi-core iron oxide nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia: microwave synthesis, and the role of core-to-core interactions. Nanoscale 2015, 7, 1768-1775.
Koktan, J.; Sedláčková, H.; Osante, I.; Cativiela, C.; Díaz, D. D.; ?ezank. P. Chiral supramolecular nanoparticles: The study of chiral surface modification of silver nanoparticles by cysteine and its derivatives. Colloid Surf. A 2015, 470, 142-148.
Hazard Statements: H319-H336
Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280i-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P337+P313-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant