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Zirconium(IV) oxide is used as an additive in the production of piezoelectric crystals, in high-frequency induction coils and in ceramic glazes. It finds application as solid electrolyte in electrochromic devices and precursor to the electroceramic lead zirconate titanate (PZT), as insulator in transistors, as a thermal barrier coating in jet and diesel engines and as diamond simulant in jewelry. It is used in oxygen sensors, fuel cell membranes and in orthopaedic implants of hip joints. It is coated on silica gel surface and found to be used in the extraction of chromium from aqueous solutions at a pH of about 3.
Ferrari, M.; Sorrentino, R.; Cagidiaco, C.; Goracci, C.; Vichi, A.; Gherlone, E.; Zarone, F. Short-term clinical performance of zirconia single crowns with different framework designs: 3-year clinical trial. Am. J. Dent. 2015, 28 (4), 235-240.
Håff, A.; Löf, H.; Gunne, J.; Sjögren, G. A retrospective evaluation of zirconia-fixed partial dentures in general practices: An up to 13-year study. Dent. Mater. 2015, 31 (2), 162-170.
Platt, P.; Frankel, P.; Gass, M.; Howells, R.; Preuss, M. Finite element analysis of the tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation during oxidation of zirconium alloys. J. Nucl. Mat. Phys. 2014, 454, 1797-1799.
Hazard Statements: H290-H315-H318
May be corrosive to metals. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P264b-P280-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P310-P332+P313-P362-P390
Keep only in original container. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.