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Phosphorus(III) bromide is used mainly for the conversion of alcohols to alkyl bromides and it is used in tests for skin corrosivity. It is used for alkene preparation and it act as a lewis base and a lewis acid. It is used as a catalyst for the alpha-bromination of carboxylic acids and used as intermediates in hell-volhard-zelinsky halogenation. Phosphorus tribromide is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals such as alprazolam, methohexital and fenoprofen. It is also used as a fire suppression agent.
Martin, C. D.; Ragogna, P. J. Substitution matters: isolating phosphorus diiminopyridine complexes. Dalton Trans. 2011, 40, 11976-11980.
Mereshchenko, A. S.; Butaeva, E. V.; Borin, V. A.; Eyzips, A.; Tarnovsky, A. N. Roaming-mediated ultrafast isomerization of geminal tri-bromides in the gas and liquid phases. Nat. Chem. 2015, 7, (70, 562-568.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant