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Sodium iodide commonly is used to prevent iodine deficiency. Used as analytical reagents, in the manufacture of disinfectants, antiseptics, deodorants and medicines. They are used in baking ingredient conditioner and as animal feed. It is used for conversion of an alkyl chlorides into an alkyl iodides, such as in the treatment of thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism and in scintillation detectors, traditionally in nuclear medicine, geophysics, nuclear physics, and environmental measurements.
Spitzweg, C.; Bible, K. C.; Hofbauer, L. C.; Morris, J. C. Advanced radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer: the sodium iodide symporter and other emerging therapeutic targets. Lancet Diabetes. Endocrinol. 2014, 2(10), 830-842.
Edlibe, M.; Deal, A.; Phillips, M.; Pentlow, K.; Tuttle, R.; Larson, S.; Sheikh, A. Predicting bone marrow toxicity from treatment with I-131 Sodium Iodide (NaI). J. Nucl. Med. 2015, 56 ( 3), 1225.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P280-P302+P352-P305+P351+P338-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.