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Antimony(III) chloride is used as a chlorinating agent, as a fireproofing agent in textiles; in bronzing steel and as a mordant in dyeing as well as a caustic in medicine. It is also used as an apoptosis agent that is used to detect cholesterols and carotenoids. It is also employed to detect certain compounds, such as cholesterols and carotenoids. This agent seems to cause dehydration of cholesterol to 3,5-cholestadiene and 2,4-cholestadiene which produce the blue color seen during the reaction.
Stanislaw F. Wnuk.; Morris J. Robins. Antimony(III) chloride exerts potent catalysis of the conversion of sulfoxides to .alpha.-fluoro thioethers with (diethylamino)sulfur trifluoride. J. Org. Chem. 1990, 55 (15), 4757-4760.
Chan Sik Cho.; Shin-ichi Motofusa.; Kouichi Ohe.; Sakae Uemur.; Sang Chul Shim. A New Catalytic Activity of Antimony(III) Chloride in Palladium(0)-Catalyzed Conjugate Addition of Aromatics to .alpha.,.beta.-Unsaturated Ketones and Aldehydes with Sodium Tetraphenylborate and Arylboronic Acids. J. Org. Chem. 1995, 60 (4), 883-888.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant