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Titanium nitride is used in coating on titanium alloys, steel, carbide, and aluminum components to improve the substrate's surface properties. Used to harden and protect cutting and sliding surfaces, for decorative purposes. It is used to coat costume jewelry and automotive trim. It is also used in also used in microelectronics. It is also used in top layer coating, usually with nickel to chromium plated substrates.
J.-E. Sundgren,; B.-O. Johansson,; S.-E. Karlsson.Mechanisms of reactive sputtering of titanium nitride and titanium carbide I: Influence of process parameters on film composition . Thin Solid Films. 1983, 105 (4), 353-366.
Vasudevan, K. V.; Smith, N. A.; Scott, B. L.; Bennett, B. L.; Muenchausen, R. E.; Gordon, J. C. Density-functional study of bulk and surface properties of titanium nitride using different exchange-correlation functionals. Phys. Rev. B. 2000, 62(4), 2899.
Hazard Statements: H224-H319-H336-X
Extremely flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P211-P235-P242-P243-P261-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source. Keep cool. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant