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Sodium hydroxide monohydrate is used as an acid neutralizer. It is a strong base widely used in the chemical industry to drive chemical reactions. It finds application as a neutralizing agent in the petroleum refining industry, as paint stripper and an analytical reagent in laboratories to measure the concentration of acids by titration. It is involved in soap production, alumina production by Bayer process, paper industry. It plays an important role as a catalyst for the transesterification of methanol and triglycerides in order to prepare biodiesel.
Chu, D. B.; Klavins, K.; Koellensperger, G.; Hann, S. Speciation analysis of sugar phosphates via anion exchange chromatography combined with inductively coupled plasma dynamic reaction cell mass spectrometry-optimization for the analysis of yeast cell extracts. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 2014, 29 (5), 915-925.
Olu, P. Y.; Gilles, B.; Job, N.; Chatenet, M. Influence of the surface morphology of smooth platinum electrodes for the sodium borohydride oxidation reaction. Electrochem. Commun. 2014, 43, 47-50.
Hazard Statements: H314-H335
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant