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Lithium hydride is used as a precursor in the production of a variety of reagents in the synthesis, especially silane by reacting with silicon tetrachloride through Sundermeyer process and lithium aluminum hydride and lithium borohydride. It finds application in nuclear reactors as a shielding material. In addition, it is a hydrogen source or reducing agent to prepare other hydrides amides and 2H isotopic compound.
Miyaoka, H.; Wang, Y.; Hino, S.; Isobe, S.; Tokoyoda, K.; Ichikawa, T.; Kojima, Y. Kinetic Modification on Hydrogen Desorption of Lithium Hydride and Magnesium Amide System. Materials 2015, 8 (7), 3896-3909.
Huang, L.; Bonnet, J. P.; Zlotea, C.; Bourgon, J.; Latroche, M.; Courty, M.; Aymard, L. Synthesis of destabilized nanostructured lithium hydride via hydrogenation of lithium electrochemically inserted into graphite. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015, 40 (40), 13936-13941.
Hazard Statements: H261-H314
In contact with water releases flammable gas. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P223-P231+P232-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P335+P334-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant