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1-Butanol is used as solvent for many organic reactions in pharmaceutical and chemical industry, as a solvent in coating industries and also used as a diluent/reactant in the manufacture of urea-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins. It is used in the production of drugs, alkaloids, additive in floor cleaners, consumer products and stain removers. It is used as mobile phase in paper and thin layer chromatography. It is also used as an alternative for gasoline and diesel fuels.
Wang, M.; Hu, L.; Fan, L.; Tan, T. Enhanced 1-Butanol Production in Engineered Klebsiella pneumoniaeby NADH Regeneration. Energy Fuels 2015, 29 (3), 1823-1829.
Berezina, O. V.; Zakharova, N .V.; Brandt, A.; Yarotsky, S. V.; Schwarz, W. H.; Zverlov, V. V. Reconstructing the clostridial n-butanol metabolic pathway in Lactobacillus brevis. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2010, 87 (2), 635-646.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H315-H318-H335-H336
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P301+P312-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P314-P330-P332+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant