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Tin(II) chloride is widely used as a reducing agent in organic synthesis, for example conversion of quinones into hydroquinones, nitroaromatics into aromatic amines, and in Stephen reduction. It acts as an antisludging agent and a stabilizer. It can be used to reduce certain metal salts into metals, tin plating and in analytical chemistry to test mercury ions. It is also used as a mordant in textile dyeing and as a catalyst in the production of polylactic acid. It is used as a food additive, wherein it serves as an anti-oxidant and a color retention agent. It can be used in the condensation of aryl aldehydes with cyclohexan-1,3-diones to synthesize xanthenes. It catalyzes direct conversion of aldehydes into beta-keto esters.
Jiang, H.; Ge, Y.; Fu, K.; Lu, Y.; Chen, C.; Zhu, J.; Dirican, M.; Zhang, X. Centrifugally-spun tin-containing carbon nanofibers as anode material for lithium-ion batteries. J. Mater. Sci. 2015, 50 (3), 1094-1102.
Xin, F.; Wang, X.; Bai, J.; Wen, W.; Tian, H.; Wang, C.; Han, W.; Zhang, X. A lithiation/delithiation mechanism of monodispersed MSn5 (M = Fe, Co and FeCo) nanospheres. J. Mater. Chem. A 2015, 3 (13), 7170-7178.
Hazard Statements: H290-H302+H332-H314-H317-H335-H373
May be corrosive to metals. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant