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Platinum is a catalyst used for hydrogenation of alkenes, alkynes, nitro groups. It is also used for hydrogenolysis of cyclopropanes, catalyzes oxidation of alcohols and reduction reactions. It is well-suited for making fine jewelry. Platinum and its alloys are used in surgical tools, laboratory utensils, electrical resistance wires, and electrical contact points. It is used in the catalytic converter, an optional component of the gasoline-fuelled automobile exhaust system. It is also used in the chemical, electrical, glass and aircraft industries. The glass industry uses platinum for optical fibers and liquid crystal display glass, especially for laptops.
Irving Langmuir. The absorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1918, 40 (9), 1361-1403.
George S. Attard.; Philip N. Bartlett.; Nicholas R. B. Coleman.; Joanne M. Elliott.; John R. Owen.; Jin Hai Wang. Mesoporous Platinum Films from Lyotropic Liquid Crystalline Phases. Science. 1997, 278, (5339), 838-840 .
Hazard Statements: H332-H335
Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P304+P340-P312a-P405-P403+P233-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTER/doctor if you feel unwell. Store locked up. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.