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Hafnium boride is used in wear resistant coatings. It is also employed as a nuclear reactor control rod. Furthermore, it is used in hypervelocity re-entry vehicles like ICBM heat shields or aerodynamic leading-edges. It is useful in the preparation of high temperature composites in conjunction with silicon carbide (SiC).
Pan, Y.; Huang, H.; Wang, X.; Lin, Y. Phase stability and mechanical properties of hafnium borides: A first-principles study. Comput. Mater. Sci. 2015, 109, 1-6.
Winder, S. L.; Ruggles-Wrenn, M. B.; Parthasarathy, T.; Key, T.; Carney, C. M. Thermo-chemical compatibility of hafnium diboride with yttrium aluminum garnet at 1500°C in air. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 2015, 35 (9), 2437-2444.