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Niobium(V) chloride is the precursor in the preparation of pure niobium, and ferroniobium. It is used as a Lewis acid catalyst in organic synthesis in activating alkenes in the carbonyl-ene reaction and the Diels-Alder reaction.
DElia, V.; Dong, H.; Rossini, A. J. Widdifield, C. M.; Vummaleti, S. V. C.; Minenkov, Y.; Poater, A.; Abou-Hamad, E.; Pelletier, J. D. A.; Cavallo, L.; Emsley, L.; Basset, J-M. Cooperative Effect of Monopodal Silica-Supported Niobium Complex Pairs Enhancing Catalytic Cyclic Carbonate Production. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137 (24), 7728-7739.
Hayatifar, M.; Marchetti, F.; Pampaloni, G.; Zacchini, S. Synthesis, X-ray Characterization, and Reactivity of α-Aminoacidato Ethoxide Complexes of Niobium(V) and Tantalum(V). Inorg. Chem. 2013, 52 (7), 4017-4025.
Heravi, M. M.; Nahavandi, F.; Sadjadi, S.; Oskooie, H. A.; Tajbakhsh, M. Convenient Synthesis of Bis(indol)alkanes by Niobium(V) Chloride. Synth. Commun. 2009, 39 (18), 3285-3292.
Hazard Statements: H302-H314-H335
Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P363-P501c
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant