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1-Propanol is used as a solvent and an entrainer in azeotropic distillation. It is used as a precursor to prepare propyl acetate, propylamide and propyl halides by reacting with acetic acid, ammonia and halogens respectively. It is actively used as a solvent in inks for flexographic printing, which is a technique used for printing. It is added to cleaners, floor polishes and metal degreasing fluids and is used as an additional solvent in the manufacture of adhesives. It enhances the drying characteristics of alkyd resins, electrodeposition paints and baking finishes in coating industry.
Bauer, T.; Michl, M.; Lunkenheimer, P.; Loidl, A. Nonlinear dielectric response of Debye, α, and β relaxation in 1-propanol. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 2015, 407, 66-71.
Vahid, A.; Maginn, E. J. Monte Carlo simulation and SAFT modeling study of the solvation thermodynamics of dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide, ethanol and 1-propanol in the ionic liquid trimethylbutylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17 (11), 7449-7462.
Hazard Statements: H225-H318-H336
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Causes serious eye damage. May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P271-P280-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P312-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant