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Dimethyl sulfoxide is used as a solvent for chemical reactions involving salts, most notably in Finkelstein reactions and in other nucleophilic substitutions. DMSO is an effective pain relieving agent. Used in antifreeze or hydraulic fluids. Utilized in the oxidation of thiols and disulfides to sulfonic acids. Used to enhance dermal absorption of many chemicals.
Notman, R.; Noro, M.; O'Malley, B.; Anwar, J. Molecular Basis for Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) Action on Lipid Membranes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128 (43), 13982-13983.
Song, S.; Huang, X.; Liang, Y. F.; Tang, C.; Li, X.; Jiao, N. From simple organobromides or olefins to highly value-added bromohydrins: a versatile performance of dimethyl sulfoxide. Green Chem. 2015, 17 (5), 2727-2731.
Hazard Statements: H227
Precautionary Statements: P210-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant