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Gadolinium(III) oxide is used as a raw material for various fluorescent compounds, absorption materials in atomic reactions, nuclear fuels, magnetic bubble material and screen-sensitivity increasing material. It is also used in glass and electronic industries. It also acts as a neutron shield, a catalyst, a dielectric ceramic and is used for filament coatings, special glasses, lasers, masers and telecommunication. It also serves as a laboratory reagent. It plays an important role as a potential contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Taub, S.; Williams, R. E.; Wang, X.; McComb, D. W.; Kilner, J. A.; Atkinson, A. The effects of transition metal oxide doping on the sintering of cerium gadolinium oxide. Acta Mater. 2014, 81, 128-140.
Tamrakar, R. K.; Bisen, D. P. Thermoluminescence studies of ultraviolet and gamma irradiated erbium(III)-and ytterbium(III)-doped gadolinium oxide phosphors. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 2015, 33, 169-188.
Hazard Statements: H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P280i-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.