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Sodium metaperiodate is used as an oxidizing reagent involved in the oxidation of cellulose. It is involved in the cleavage of vicinal diols to prepare two aldehydes. This oxidation is commonly used in selectively label RNA, saccharides and other compounds with vicinal diols.
Zhou, M.; Hintermair, U.; Hashiguchi, B. G.; Parent, A. R.; Hashmi, S. M.; Elimelech, M.; Periana, R. A.; Brudvig, G. W.; Crabtree, R. H. Cp* Iridium Precatalysts for Selective C-H Oxidation with Sodium Periodate As the Terminal Oxidant. Organometallics 2013, 32 (4), 957-965.
Eklund, L.; Hofer, T. S.; Persson, I. Structure and water exchange dynamics of hydrated oxo halo ions in aqueous solution using QMCF MD simulation, large angle X-ray scattering and EXAFS. Dalton Trans. 2015, 44 (4), 1816-1828.
Hazard Statements: H271-H314-H335-H372
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P220-P221-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P283-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P306+P360-P310-P353-P363-P370+P378q-P371+P380+P375-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse skin with water/shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant