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The main use of manganese dioxide is in dry-cell batteries, such as the alkaline battery and the zinc-carbon battery. It is useful as a pigment, and as a precursor to other manganese compounds. It is used as a reagent in organic synthesis, for instance, for the oxidation of allylic alcohols and arylmethyl alcohols. It is also employed in various industrial purposes such as adhesives and sealant chemicals, lubricants and lubricant additives, fertilizers, oxidizing/reducing agents, plating agents and surface treating agents, processing aids, air care products, paints and coatings.
Kuo, C-H.; Mosa, I. M.; Poyraz, A. S.; Biswas, S.; El-Sawy, A. M.; Song, W.; Luo, Z.;Chen, S-Y.; Rusling, J. F.; He, J.; Suib, S. L. Robust Mesoporous Manganese Oxide Catalysts for Water Oxidation. ACS Catal. 2015, 5 (3), 1693-1699.
Veeramani, H.; Aruguete, D.; Monsegue, N.; Murayama, M.; Dippon, U.; Kappler, A.; Hochella, M. F. Low-Temperature Green Synthesis of Multivalent Manganese Oxide Nanowires. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2013, 1 (9), 1070-1074.
Lee, W.; Lee, J. W. Concurrent Production of Carbon Monoxide and Manganese(II) Oxide through the Reaction of Carbon Dioxide with Manganese. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng.2014, 2 (6), 1503-1509.
Hazard Statements: H312-H315-H319-H335
Harmful in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.