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Lithium hydroxide is used for the production of lithium greases, lithium soaps, lithium stearate and lithium salts. It finds application as a carbon dioxide adsorbent in breathing gas purification systems for spacecrafts, submarines and rebreathers; as a storage-battery electrolyte; as a heat transfer medium and as a catalyst for polymerization reaction. It is also used in ceramics and some portland cement formulations.
Noda, Y.; Koga, N. Phenomenological kinetics of the carbonation reaction of lithium hydroxide monohydrate: Role of surface product layer and possible existence of a liquid phase. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118 (10), 5424-5436.
Wang, D.; Belharouak, I.; Ortega, L. H.; Zhang, X.; Rui Xu, R.; Zhou, D.; Zhou, G.; Amine, K. Synthesis of high capacity cathodes for lithium-ion batteries by morphology-tailored hydroxide co-precipitation. J. Power Sources 2015, 274, 451-457.
Hazard Statements: H301-H331-H314-H318
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.
Precautionary Statements: P260u-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dusts or mists. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.