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The combination of properties like solubility in most of the solvents, volatility, catalytic property and strong acidity with non-oxidizing nature makes it a widely used reagent in an organic synthesis. Trifluoroacetic acid is an important building block in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and ceramic compounds. It is a precursor to many fluorinated compounds, and widely used in peptide synthesis and other organic transformations involving deprotection of t-BOC group. It finds use as an ion pairing agent in liquid chromatography, as a solvent in NMR spectroscopy and as a calibrant in mass spectrometry.
Kempe, H.; Yoshino, J.; Hayashi, N.; Higuch, H. A reversibly transformable chromatic system of the (octaethylporphyrin)-(dihexylbithiophene)-(Lewis base) triads. An evaluation of stereo-electronically controlled effects of dihexylbithiophene and Lewis base on its sensitivity and stability to trifluoroacetic acid. Tetrahedron 2015, 71 (8), 1322-1333.
López, S. E.; Salazar, J. Trifluoroacetic acid: Uses and recent applications in organic synthesis. J. Fluorine Chem. 2013, 156, 73-100.
Natu, A. D.; Burde, A. S.; Limaye, R. A.; Paradkar, M. V. Acceleration of the Dakin reaction by trifluoroacetic acid. J. Chem. Res. 2014, 38 (6), 381-382.
Hazard Statements: H290-H314-H332-H335
May be corrosive to metals. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P234-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P390-P501c
Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant