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Cerium(IV) oxide is used in ceramics, and to polish glass and stones. It is applied as solid electrolyte in fuel cells. It can also be employed as a co-catalyst in many number of reactions. It is also used as an antioxidant, and to generate hydrogen through water splitting. It is used as a high-temperature hydrocarbon oxidation catalyst in self-cleaning ovens. It can be used in infrared filters, incandescent mantles, and sunscreens in combination with other materials. It finds use as a catalyst support, and to sensitize photosensitive glass.
Munnings, C; Badwal, S .P .S; Fini, D. Spontaneous stress-induced oxidation of Ce ions in Gd-doped ceria at room temperature. Ionics 2014, 20 (8), 1117-1126.
Badwal, S. P. S.; Fini, D.; Ciacchi, F. T.; Munnings, C.; Kimpton, J. A.; Drennan, J. Structural and Microstructural Stability of Ceria-Gadolinia Electrolyte Exposed to Reducing Environments of High Temperature Fuel Cells. J. Mater. Chem. A 2013, 1, 10768-10782.