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Hydrogenation of nitro groups to amines, hydrogenation of carbonyl groups, hydrogenation of olefins to alkanes, reductive alkylation (stereoselective)Sponge Nickel, A-5000, nonpromoted is a standard catalyst used for most hydrogenation reactions such as hydrogenation of xylose to xylitol. It is also involved in the industrial hydrogenation of butyraldehyde to butanol, 2,4-dinitrotoluene to 2,4-diaminotoluene. Further, it is used as a catalyst in reductive alkylation reaction, especially tertiary diemethylaliphatic amine from aliphatic primary amine.
Elkasabi, Y.; Mullen, C. A.; Boateng, A. A. Aqueous Extractive Upgrading of Bio-Oils Created by Tail-Gas Reactive Pyrolysis To Produce Pure Hydrocarbons and Phenols. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2015, 3 (11), 2809-2816.
Wilson, B. P.; Lavery, N. P.; Jarvis, D. J.; Anttila, T.; Rantanen, J.; Brown, S. G. R.; Adkins, N. J. Life cycle assessment of gas atomised sponge nickel for use in alkaline hydrogen fuel cell applications. J. Power Sources 2013, 243, 242-252.
Hazard Statements: H228-H261-H317-H350-H372
Flammable solid. In contact with water releases flammable gas. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause cancer. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P223-P231+P232-P240-P241-P260-P264b-P270-P272-P280g-P281-P302+P352-P308+P313-P333+P313-P335+P334-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant