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Zirconium(IV) oxide is used as an additive in the production of piezoelectric crystals, in high-frequency induction coils and in ceramic glazes. It finds application as solid electrolyte in electrochromic devices and precursor to electroceramic lead zirconate titanate (PZT), as insulator in transistors, as a thermal barrier coating in jet and diesel engines and as diamond simulant in jewelry. It is used in oxygen sensors, fuel cell membranes and in orthopaedic implants of hip joints. It is coated on silica gel surface and found to be used in the extraction of chromium from aqueous solutions at a pH of about 3.
Alaneme, K. K.; Olubambi, P. A.; Andrews, A. Processing and characterization of WC-10Ni/-7Ni-3Cr based yttria stabilized zirconia spark plasma sintered composites. Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater 2015, 48, 157-166.
Zhang, W.; Tan, Y.; Gao, Y.; Wu, J.; Tang, B. Ultrafine nano zirconia as electrochemical pseudocapacitor material. Ceram. Int. 2015, 41 (2), 2626-2630.
Saha, I.; Ghosh, A.; Nandi, D.; Gupta, K.; Chatterjee, D.; Ghosh, U. C. beta-Cyclodextrin modified hydrous zirconium oxide: Synthesis, characterization and defluoridation performance from aqueous solution. Chem. Eng. J. 2015, 263, 220-230.
Hazard Statements: H500
May form combustible dust concentrations in air