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Main commercial usage is in the production of fertilizers and reagent for nitration. It implies in the applications for the production of explosives, nylon precursors, and specialty organic compounds. Nitric acid is indirectly used as an oxidizer in liquid-fueled rockets for determining trace level metals in solutions. It is used as a chemical doping agent for organic semiconductors, and in purification processes for raw carbon nanotubes, artificially age pine and maple.
Ningshen, S.; Sakairi, M.; Suzuki, K.; Okuno, T. Corrosion performance and surface analysis of Ti-Ni-Pd-Ru-Cr alloy in nitric acid solution. Corros. Sci. 2015, 91, 120-128.
Tai, Y.; Peng, X.; Shi, C.; Dong, X. Zeolite-assisted nitration of biphenyl using nitric acid. Res. Chem. Intermed. 2015, 41, (2), 867-872.
Hazard Statements: H272-H290-H314-H331
May intensify fire; oxidizer. May be corrosive to metals. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Toxic if inhaled.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P220-P221-P234-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P284-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P390-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant