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Lithium aluminum hydride is used as a reducing agent in various synthetic organic chemistry reactions. For example, it is used in the conversion of esters, carboxylic acids, acyl chlorides, aldehydes and ketones into their corresponding alcohols. It also involved in the conversion of amide, nitro, nitrile, imine, oxime and azide compounds into their amines as well as reduces alkyl halides to alkanes. It reacts with sodium chloride to prepare sodium hydride. It acts as a potential hydrogen storage medium which could be used for future fuel cell-powered vehicles. It is mainly used in the preparation of other tetrahydridoaluminumates like sodium aluminum hydride, potassium aluminum hydride and magnesium alanate. Furthermore, it has been used to prepare thermoplastic polyester polyamides from oleic acid and lithium-polymer batteries.
Wong, C. H. A.; Pumera, M. Highly conductive graphene nanoribbons from the reduction of graphene oxide nanoribbons with lithium aluminum hydride. J. Mater. Chem. C 2014, 2 (5), 856-863.
Tang, X. D.; Xia, J. L.; Li, S. H.; Huang, K.; Li, M.; Lu, Z. Q. Preparation and Characterization of Terpene-Based Diol from Terpene-Maleic Anhydride Using Lithium Aluminum Hydride as Reductant. Adv Mat Res 2013, 721, 266-269.
Hazard Statements: H225-H260-H302-H314-H335-H336-H351
Highly flammable liquid and vapour. In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. Suspected of causing cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P223-P231+P232-P233-P235-P240-P241-P242-P243-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P281-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P335+P334-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Keep container tightly closed. Keep cool. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant