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Potassium combines under pressure with silver metal to form 2 new compounds: K2Ag and K3Ag. This chemical is important in neuron (brain and nerve) function, and in influencing osmotic balance between cells and the interstitial fluid, with their distribution mediated in all animals (but not in all plants) by the so-called Na+/K+-ATPase pump. It is also used to prevent muscle contraction and the sending of all nerve impulses in animals through action potentials. Potassium ion is a nutrient necessary for human life and health. It is used as reducing agent in organic synthesis.
Krzysztof J. Paluch.; Lidia Tajber.; Thomas McCabe.; John E. OBrien.; Owen I. Corrigan.; Anne Marie Healy. Preparation and characterisation of novel chlorothiazide potassium solid-state salt forms: Intermolecular self assembly suprastructures.European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences,2011,42(3), 220-229.
Hazard Statements: H260-H314-H335
In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P223-P231+P232-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P335+P334-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant