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Bismuth(III) oxide is used in the preparation of BiFeO3perovskite nanoparticles. It finds use in disinfectants, magnets, glass, rubber, vulcanization, fireproofing papers and polymers and catalysts. Bismuth trioxide brings about the "dragon's eggs" effect in fireworks, as a replacement of red lead. Bismuth(III) compounds are attractive reagents and catalysts in organic synthesis because of their low cost and ease of handling. Bismuth trioxide nanoparticles also play an important role in high energy gas generators. The alpha crystalline form of bismuth(III) oxide has p-type electronic conductivity.
Murali, S.; Chang, J. L.; Zen, J. M. Bismuth oxide nanoparticles as a nanoscale guide to form a silver-polydopamine hybrid electrocatalyst with enhanced activity and stability for the oxygen reduction reaction. RSC Adv. 2015, 5 (6), 4286-4291.
Kim, J. H.; Lee, J. H. Synthesis of spherical bismuth nanoparticles by two-step heating of tetraethylene glycol containing solid bismuth(III) carbonates. Mater. Chem. Phys. 2015, 153, 316-322.