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Perchloric acid is used as a precursor for ammonium perchlorate which is used in rocket fuel. It is useful for etching of liquid crystal displays, etching of chrome, ore extraction and in analytical chemistry. It is used as a strong oxidizer and as a solvent for metals and alloys. It serves as a deproteinization reagent in food analysis. As a dehydrating agent, it is used for the determination of silica in iron and steel and in cement and other silicate materials. It is involved in the separation and determination of copper and other metals and alkali metals such as sodium and potassium. It is also used as an adjunct to increase the reduction potential of cerate salts in volumetric analysis.
Utsunomiya, T.; Tatsumi, S.; Yokota, Y.; Fukui, K. I. Potential-dependent structures investigated at the perchloric acid solution/iodine modified Au (111) interface by electrochemical frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17 (19), 12616-12622.
Lu, J.; Pulsipher, B. S.; Grenache, D. G. Development of an enzymatic assay to measure lactate in perchloric acid-precipitated whole blood. Clin. Chim. Acta 2015, 444, 208-211.
Hazard Statements: H271-H290-H302-H314-H335-H373
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. May be corrosive to metals. Harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P220-P221-P234-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P280-P283-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P306+P360-P310-P330-P331-P353-P363-P370+P378q-P371+P380+P375-P390-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Keep only in original container. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Rinse skin with water/shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant