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Silicon(IV) oxide is used in the manufacture of glass for windows, drinking glasses, beverage bottles and many other materials. Optical fibers for telecommunication are made from silica. It is also used as a raw material for many ceramics such as earthenware, stoneware and porcelain. In addition, silica is a common additive in the production of foods and pharmaceutical products.
Ojovan, M. I. Glass formation in amorphous SiO2 as a percolation phase transition in a system of network defects. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 2004, 79 (12), 632-634.
Nandiyanto, A. B. D.; Kim, S. G.; Iskandar, F.; Okuyama, K. Synthesis of spherical mesoporous silica nanoparticles with nanometer-size controllable pores and outer diameters. Micropor. Mesopor. Mat. 2009, 120 (3), 447.
Hazard Statements: H350-H373
May cause cancer. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280-P308+P313-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.