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Silver nitrate 0.282N standard volumetric solution is used for volumetric analysis in laboratories. It is widely used as an analytical reagent owing to its immediate reaction with halide ions forming insoluble precipitate of silver(I) halides.
Forms complexes with alkenes, used in the separation of mixtures; see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 315 (1973).
Promotes the reactivity of NCS in the cleavage of 2-acylated 1,3-dithianes: Synthesis, 17 (1969), and of NBS in the 1-bromination of terminal alkynes: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 23, 727 (1984).
In combination with Br2 or I2 in refluxing methanol, brings about the rearrangement of acetophenones to methyl arylacetates, a reaction previously induced by thallium(III) nitrate: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 235 (1982):
The Hunsdiecker reaction of Ag salts of carboxylic acids with Br2 provides alkyl bromides with one less carbon atom which is lost as CO2; see, e.g.: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 578 (1955). Reviews: Chem. Rev., 56, 219 (1956); Org. React., 9, 332 (1957). Compare also Mercury(II) oxide, A16157.
For the alkylation of substrates by radicals derived from decarboxylation of acids, see Trimethylacetic acid, A10776.
Brodsgaard, A.; Nielsen, T.; Molgaard, U.; Pryds, O.; Pedersen, P. Treating umbilical granuloma with topical clobetasol propionate cream at home is as effective as treating it with topical silver nitrate in the clinic. Acta Paediatr. 2015, 104 (2), 174-177.
Yang, J. Y.; Zheng, C. M.; Wang, Y. Q.; Guo, M. L. Phosphate-assisted one-pot synthesis of silver phosphate-mesoporous silica composite from sodium silicate and silver nitrate. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 2015, 204, 58-61.
Hazard Statements: H271-H314-H335
May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P220-P221-P260-P264b-P271-P280-P301+P330+P331-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep/Store away from clothing/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant