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It is used as a catalyst in organic chemistry. It is a good source of bismuth and is used to make other bismuth compounds. Also used as a catalyst and to make other bismuth salts.
Bernard Garrigues; Ferdinand Gonzaga; Hélène Robert; and Jacques Dubac. Bismuth(III) Chloride or Triflate-Catalyzed Dienophilic Activity of α-Ethylenic Aldehydes and Ketones. J. Org. Chem. 1997, 62 (14), 4880-4882.
Gang Xu; Guo-Cong Guo Prof. Dr.; Ming-Sheng Wang Dr.; Zhang-Jing Zhang; Wen-Tong Chen Dr.; and Jin-Shun Huang Prof. Photochromism of a Methyl Viologen Bismuth(III) Chloride: Structural Variation Before and After UV Irradiation. Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 2007, 46 (18),3249-3251.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P362-P501c
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant