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Pentaethylene glycol is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of cyclic and noncyclic polyethers, complexing agents and immobilized phase-transfer catalysts. It acts as a catalyst for potassium hydroxide induced elimination reactions in benzene. Further, it is used in functional fluids and viscosity adjustors.
Complexing solvent analogous to the crown-ethers (see Appendix 2). For a study of binding profiles as a function of chain length, see: J. Org. Chem., 48, 2837 (1983). Is 100x more effective as a catalyst for KOH-induced elimination reactions in benzene than Benzyltriethylammonium chloride, A13268 : J. Org. Chem., 48, 195 (1983).
Kusch, P.; Rieser, C.; Knupp, G.; Mang, T. Characterization of copolymers of methacrylic acid with poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate macromonomers by analytical pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 2015, 113, 412-418..
Zhang, X.; Poniewierski, A.; Hou, S.; Sozański, K.; Wisniewska, A.; Wieczorek, S. A.; Kalwarczyk, T.; Sun, L.; Hołyst, R. Tracking structural transitions of bovine serum albumin in surfactant solutions by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and fluorescence lifetime analysis. Soft Matter 2014, 11 (12), 2512-2518.
Hazard Statements: H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P280i-P264-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313
Wear eye/face protection. Wash thoroughly after handling. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.