I agree Our site saves small pieces of text information (cookies) on your device in order to deliver better content and for statistical purposes. You can disable the usage of cookies by changing the settings of your browser. By browsing our website without changing the browser settings you grant us permission to store that information on your device.
It is an interesting carbonyl equivalent and reacts with aldehydes or ketones to generate α-hydroxy carbonyl compounds. Benzothiazole is used as a chemical intermediate in organic synthesis. It is a precursor of rubber accelerators and a component of cyanine dyes. It is also used as a flavoring substance. It is also used as a flavor, antimicrobial agent, and component of cyanine dyes. Its derivatives are used as rubber accelerators.
Nawrocki ST, et al. Comparative aquatic toxicity evaluation of 2-(thiocyanomethylthio)benzothiazole and selected degradation products using Ceriodaphnia dubia. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.,2005,48(3), 344-350.
Asimakopoulos AG, et al. Occurrence and removal efficiencies of benzotriazoles and benzothiazoles in a wastewater treatment plant in Greece. The Science of the total environment.,2013,452-453163-171.
n-BuLi gives the 2-lithio-derivative, stable below -50o, which behaves as a formyl anion equivalent, reacting with aldehydes and ketones. The derived alcohols have been transformed into various useful products, e.g. ɑ-hydroxy ketones: Tetrahedron Lett., 5, 9, 13, (1978); Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 61, 3637 (1988):
The lithio-derivative can also be acylated with esters, lactones, amides or nitriles. In these applications, benzothiazole is claimed to be superior to the better known 1,3-dithiane as a formyl anion synthon.
Reaction of the lithio-derivative at low temperatures with PCl3 gives, as the major product, 2,2'-bibenzothiazole instead of the expected tertiary phosphine: Heterocycles, 30, 347 (1990). POCl3 or SOCl2 also promote the symmetrical coupling reaction: Heteroatom. Chem., 5, 409 (1994).
Hazard Statements: H301-H311-H332-H319
Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280-P301+P310a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF SWALLOWED: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.