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Citric acid is the most widely used organic acid and pH-control agent in foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals and technical applications. Used in pharmaceutical preparations, especially in effervescent tablets. It is used as a natural preservative.
Pan, K.; Zhong, Q. Improving Clarity and Stability of Skim Milk Powder Dispersions by Dissociation of Casein Micelles at pH 11.0 and Acidification with Citric Acid. Agric. Food Chem. 2013, 61 (38), 9260-9268.
Kolah, A. K.; Asthana, N. S.; Vu, D. T.; Carl T. Lira.; Miller, D. J. Reaction Kinetics of the Catalytic Esterification of Citric Acid with Ethanol. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2007, 46 (10), 3180-3187.
Gogoi, P.; Boruah, M.; Sharma, S.; Dolui, S. K. Blends of Epoxidized Alkyd Resins Based on Jatropha Oil and the Epoxidized Oil Cured with Aqueous Citic Acid Solution: A Green Technology Approach. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2015, 3 (2), 261-268.
Hazard Statements: H319-H335-H500
Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May form combustible dust concentrations in air
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280i-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P337+P313-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear eye/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant