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Quinine is used in photochemistry as a common fluorescence standard and as a resolving agent for chiral acids. It is also useful for treating falciparum malaria, lupus, arthritis and vivax malaria. It acts as a flavor component in tonic water and bitter lemon. It is utilized as the chiral moiety for the ligands used in sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation. Furthermore, it catalyzes the kinetic resolution of furanones.
Porta, R.; Benaglia, M.; Coccia, F.; Rossi, S.; Puglisi, A. Enantioselective Organocatalysis in Microreactors: Continuous Flow Synthesis of a (S)-Pregabalin Precursor and (S)-Warfarin. Symmetry 2015, 7 (3), 1395-1409.
Porta, R.; Coccia, F.; Annunziata, R.; Puglisi, A. Comparison of Different Polymer-and Silica-Supported 9-Amino-9-deoxy-epi-quinines as Recyclable Organocatalysts. ChemCatChem 2015, 7 (9), 1490-1499.
Kessler, S.; González, J.; Vlimant, M.; Glauser, G.; Guerin, P. M. Quinine and artesunate inhibit feeding in the African malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae: the role of gustatory organs within the mouthparts. Physiol. Entomol. 2014, 39 (2), 172-182.
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H334-H317-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P284-P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Wear respiratory protection. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.