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Quinine is used in photochemistry as a common fluorescence standard and as a resolving agent for chiral acids. It is also useful for treating falciparum malaria, lupus, arthritis and vivax malaria. It acts as a flavor component in tonic water and bitter lemon. It is utilized as the chiral moiety for the ligands used in sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation. Furthermore, it catalyzes the kinetic resolution of furanones.
Porta, R.; Benaglia, M.; Coccia, F.; Rossi, S.; Puglisi, A. Enantioselective Organocatalysis in Microreactors: Continuous Flow Synthesis of a (S)-Pregabalin Precursor and (S)-Warfarin. Symmetry 2015, 7 (3), 1395-1409.
Porta, R.; Coccia, F.; Annunziata, R.; Puglisi, A. Comparison of Different Polymer-and Silica-Supported 9-Amino-9-deoxy-epi-quinines as Recyclable Organocatalysts. ChemCatChem 2015, 7 (9), 1490-1499.
Kessler, S.; González, J.; Vlimant, M.; Glauser, G.; Guerin, P. M. Quinine and artesunate inhibit feeding in the African malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae: the role of gustatory organs within the mouthparts. Physiol. Entomol. 2014, 39 (2), 172-182.
Hazard Statements: H302-H317
Harmful if swallowed. May cause an allergic skin reaction.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P270-P272-P280g-P285-P301+P312-P302+P352-P304+P341-P330-P333+P313-P342+P311-P363-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Rinse mouth. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant