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7787-60-2 - Bismuth(III) chloride, 98% (dry wt.), may cont. up to 3% water - A10510 - Alfa Aesar

A10510 Bismuth(III) chloride, 98% (dry wt.), may cont. up to 3% water

CAS Number

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
25g 45.70
100g 122.00
500g 498.00
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Bismuth(III) chloride, 98% (dry wt.), may cont. up to 3% water


Chemical Properties

Formula Weight
Melting point
Boiling Point
ca 430° subl.
Soluble in hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, diethyl ether, ethyl acetate and acetone. Insoluble in alcohol.


Bismuth(III) chloride is used as a catalyst in organic synthesis and to prepare other bismuth salts. It is used as a starting material for the preparation of bismuthoxychloride upon hydrolysis. It is an oxidizing agent to prepare metallic bismuth by reducing agent. Further, it catalyzes the Michael reaction and the Mukaiyama-aldol reaction. In addition to this, it is a Lewis acid.


Hygroscopic. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.

Literature References

Lewis acid catalyst which promotes the rearrangement of acetanilides to o-amino ketones: Tetrahedron Lett., 3217 (1976).

Silyl enol ethers can be ɑ-acylated with acyl chlorides in the presence of a catalytic amount of BiCl3 and NaI or ZnI2; other Lewis acids such as ZnCl2 were less effective: J. Org. Chem., 61, 3885 (1996).

Catalyzes the addition of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds to Michael acceptors under solvent-free conditions with microwave irradiation: Tetrahedron Lett., 38, 1449 (1997).

For catalysis of Diels-Alder and hetero Diels-Alder reactions, see: J. Org. Chem., 62, 4880 (1997); Tetrahedron Lett., 39, 1161 (1998).

Arenes undergo sufonylation by heating with arenesulfonyl chlorides in the presence of BiCl3 (5 mol%) and triflic acid (10 mol%) to give high yields of mixed diaryl sulfones; neither BiCl3 nor TfOH alone is effective: Tetrahedron Lett., 40, 9233 (1999).

Promotes the chemoselective deprotection of N-Boc amino acids and peptides: Tetrahedron Lett., 47, 389 (2006).

For a brief feature on Bi(III) catalysts, see: Synlett, 1194 (2001). For a review of their use in acylation and sulfonylation reactions, see: Synlett, 181 (2002).

Antonio, M. R.; McAlister, D. R.; Horwitz, E. P. An europium(III) diglycolamide complex: insights into the coordination chemistry of lanthanides in solvent extraction. Dalton Trans. 2015, 44 (2), 515-521.

Vuorinen, S.; Lahcini, M.; Hatanpää, T.; Sundberg, M.; Leskelä, M.; Repo, T. Bismuth(III) Alkoxide Catalysts for Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactides and ε-Caprolactone. Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2013, 214 (6), 707-715.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H303-H314-H318

May be harmful if swallowed. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes serious eye damage.

Precautionary Statements: P260u-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P304+P340-P310a-P363-P405-P501a

Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

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