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74-88-4 - Iodomethane, 99%, stab. with copper - Methyl iodide - A10559 - Alfa Aesar

A10559 Iodomethane, 99%, stab. with copper

CAS Number
74-88-4
Synonyms
Methyl iodide

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
50g 19.67
250g 59.74
1000g 192.61
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Iodomethane, 99%, stab. with copper

MDL
MFCD00001073
EINECS
200-819-5

Chemical Properties

Formula
CH3I
Formula Weight
141.94
Melting point
-67°
Boiling Point
41-43°
Density
2.28
Refractive Index
1.5300
Sensitivity
Light Sensitive
Solubility
Miscible with water.

Applications

Iodomethane is a methylating agent used for alkylating carbon, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen and phosphorus nucleophiles. For example, phenol reacts with methyl iodide to give anisole. In the Monsanto process, the insitu formed iodomethane reacts with carbon monoxide in the presence of a rhodium complex to give acetyl iodide, which on hydrolysis yields acetic acid. It reacts with magnesium to form the Grignard reagent, methylmagnesium iodide used in organic synthesis. It finds applications as an intermediate in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and in phase transfer catalysts.

Notes

Light and moisture sensitive. Store in cool place. Keep the container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases and oxygen.

Literature References

Erk, B.; Boll, R., Trippel, S.; Anielski, D.; Foucar, L.; Rudek, B.; Rudenko, A. Imaging charge transfer in iodomethane upon x-ray photoabsorption. Science 2014, 345 (6194), 288-291.

Dong, Y.; Brooks, J. D.; Chen, T. L.; Mullins, D. R.; Cox, D. F. Reactions of methyl groups on a non-reducible metal oxide: The reaction of iodomethane on stoichiometric alpha-Cr 2 O 3 (0001). Surf. Sci. 2015, 641, 148-153.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H301-H331-H312-H315-H335-H351

Toxic if swallowed. Toxic if inhaled. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes skin irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. Suspected of causing cancer.

Precautionary Statements: P201-P261-P280-P281-P301+P310-P304+P340-P311-P362-P405-P501a

Obtain special instructions before use. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,6087
Beilstein
969135
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
I
Harmonized Tariff Code
2903.39
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
PA9450000

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