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Tetraphenylphosphonium chloride is used to generate lipophilic salts from inorganic and organometallic anions. Thus, Ph4P+ is useful as a phase-transfer catalyst, again because it allows inorganic anions to dissolve in organic solvents.
David R.Wood; Fred W.Reimherr; Paul H.Wender. Mechanism of inhibition of fadu hypopharyngeal carcinoma cell growth by tetraphenylphosphonium chloride. International Journal of Cancer. 1994, 57, (2),247-253
J.T.van Elteren; N.G.Haselager; H.A.Das C.L. de Ligny; J.Agterdenbos. Determination of arsenate in aqueous samples by precipitation of the arsenic(V)molybdate complex with tetraphenylphosphonium chloride and neutron activation analysis or hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta. 1991, 252, (1-2),89-95
Reagent for Bi and Co.
High-temperature phase-transfer catalyst (see Appendix 2). In combination with Bis(acetonitrile)dichloropalladium(II), 10002, provides an effective catalyst for the Heck reaction of normally unreactive aryl halides, e.g. chlorobenzene with styrene to give stilbene. The reaction is performed at 140-150o in DMF or NMP in the presence of sodium acetate. The reaction may be further improved by the addition of 10-12 mol% N,N-Dimethylglycine, A19670: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 37, 481 (1998).
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.