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Tetraphenylphosphonium chloride is used to generate lipophilic salts from inorganic and organometallic anions. Thus, Ph4P+ is useful as a phase-transfer catalyst, again because it allows inorganic anions to dissolve in organic solvents.
David R.Wood; Fred W.Reimherr; Paul H.Wender. Mechanism of inhibition of fadu hypopharyngeal carcinoma cell growth by tetraphenylphosphonium chloride. International Journal of Cancer. 1994, 57, (2),247-253
J.T.van Elteren; N.G.Haselager; H.A.Das C.L. de Ligny; J.Agterdenbos. Determination of arsenate in aqueous samples by precipitation of the arsenic(V)molybdate complex with tetraphenylphosphonium chloride and neutron activation analysis or hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta. 1991, 252, (1-2),89-95
Reagent for Bi and Co.
High-temperature phase-transfer catalyst (see Appendix 2). In combination with Bis(acetonitrile)dichloropalladium(II), 10002, provides an effective catalyst for the Heck reaction of normally unreactive aryl halides, e.g. chlorobenzene with styrene to give stilbene. The reaction is performed at 140-150o in DMF or NMP in the presence of sodium acetate. The reaction may be further improved by the addition of 10-12 mol% N,N-Dimethylglycine, A19670: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 37, 481 (1998).
Hazard Statements: H315-H319-H335
Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P261-P264b-P271-P280-P302+P352-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P312-P332+P313-P337+P313-P362-P501c
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant