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98-95-3 - Nitrobenzene, 99% - A10585 - Alfa Aesar

A10585 Nitrobenzene, 99%

CAS Number
98-95-3
Synonyms

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
500g 26.06
2500g 75.60
10000g 222.48
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Nitrobenzene, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007043
EINECS
202-716-0

Chemical Properties

Formula
C6H5NO2
Formula Weight
123.11
Melting point
5-6°
Boiling Point
210-212°
Flash Point
87°(188°F)
Density
1.196
Refractive Index
1.5520
Solubility
Miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, benzene and organic solvents. Slightly miscible with water and carbon tetrachloride.

Applications

Nitrobenzene is used as a solvent and as a starting material in the organic synthesis for the preparation of aniline, benzidine, azobenzene, nitrosobenzene, phenylhydroxylamine and acetaminophen. It is also used as a solvent for electrophilic reagents in synthetic chemistry. Further, it is used to prevent the unpleasant odor in shoe, floor and metal polishes. It acts as a precursor to rubber chemicals, azo dyes and pharmaceuticals.

Notes

Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents and strong bases.

Literature References

For selective reduction to phenylhydroxylamine with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of rhodium, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 16 (1993).

Electrophilic iodination of the deactivated ring has been effected with N-Iodosuccinimide, A14320, in triflic acid: J. Org. Chem., 58, 3194 (1993).

Commonly used, high dielectric constant solvent, e.g. in Friedel-Crafts reactions. CAUTION! Exothermic reactions can occur with aluminum chloride.

Fu, L.; Cai, W.; Wang, A.; Zheng, Y. Photocatalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline over tungsten oxide-silver nanowires. Mater. Lett. 2015, 142, 201-203.

Boukobza, M.; Garnier, R.; Cleophax, C.; Baud, F. J. CT and MRI findings and follow-up after massive nitrobenzene ingestion. A case report. J. Neurol. Sci. 2015, 357 (1-2), 322-325.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H300-H310-H330-H372-H351-H361-H227-H401-H411

Fatal if swallowed. Fatal in contact with skin. Fatal if inhaled. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. Suspected of causing cancer. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child. Combustible liquid. Toxic to aquatic life. Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P260-P284-P301+P310-P304+P340-P320-P330-P361-P405-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear respiratory protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). Rinse mouth. Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,6588
Beilstein
507540
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2904.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
DA6475000

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