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A10585 Nitrobenzene, 99%

CAS Number
98-95-3
Synonyms

Stock No. Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
A10585-36 500g 27.40
A10585-0E 2500g 82.90
A10585-0C 10000g 234.00
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Nitrobenzene, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007043
EINECS
202-716-0

Chemical Properties

Formula
C6H5NO2
Formula Weight
123.11
Melting point
5-6°
Boiling Point
210-212°
Flash Point
87°(188°F)
Density
1.196
Refractive Index
1.5520
Storage & Sensitivity
Ambient temperatures.
Solubility
Miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, benzene and organic solvents. Slightly miscible with water and carbon tetrachloride.

Applications

Nitrobenzene is used as a solvent and as a starting material in the organic synthesis for the preparation of aniline, benzidine, azobenzene, nitrosobenzene, phenylhydroxylamine and acetaminophen. It is also used as a solvent for electrophilic reagents in synthetic chemistry. Further, it is used to prevent the unpleasant odor in shoe, floor and metal polishes. It acts as a precursor to rubber chemicals, azo dyes and pharmaceuticals.

Notes

Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents and strong bases.

Literature References

For selective reduction to phenylhydroxylamine with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of rhodium, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 8, 16 (1993).

Electrophilic iodination of the deactivated ring has been effected with N-Iodosuccinimide, A14320, in triflic acid: J. Org. Chem., 58, 3194 (1993).

Commonly used, high dielectric constant solvent, e.g. in Friedel-Crafts reactions. CAUTION! Exothermic reactions can occur with aluminum chloride.

Fu, L.; Cai, W.; Wang, A.; Zheng, Y. Photocatalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline over tungsten oxide-silver nanowires. Mater. Lett. 2015, 142, 201-203.

Boukobza, M.; Garnier, R.; Cleophax, C.; Baud, F. J. CT and MRI findings and follow-up after massive nitrobenzene ingestion. A case report. J. Neurol. Sci. 2015, 357 (1-2), 322-325.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H227-H301-H311-H331-H350-H360F-H372

Combustible liquid. Toxic if swallowed. Toxic in contact with skin. Toxic if inhaled. May cause cancer. May damage fertility. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Precautionary Statements: P201-P202-P210-P235-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P281-P301+P310-P302+P352-P304+P340-P308+P313-P311-P312-P330-P361-P363-P370+P378q-P501c

Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Use personal protective equipment as required. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Rinse mouth. Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant

Other References

Merck
14,6588
Beilstein
507540
Hazard Class
6.1
Packing Group
II
Harmonized Tariff Code
2904.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
DA6475000

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