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Trimethyl phosphate is used as a color inhibitor for polyester and other polymer preparations, flame retardants and plasticizer. It acts as a solvent for aromatic halogenations and nitration reactions. It is used as a mild methylating reagent which is used in the dimethylation of aniline and related heterocyclic compound. Furthermore, it is involved in the synthesis of 1-methyl-pyridinium; dimethyl phosphate by reacting with pyridine.
Alternative to dimethyl sulfate for preparation of methyl esters of hindered carboxylic acids: Chem. Ind. (London), 1002 (1973). Used in N,N-dimethylation of aromatic amines, avoiding quaternization: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 1085 (1973), and in N-methylation of nitrogen heterocycles, e.g. pyrimidines and imidazoles: J. Chem. Soc., Perkin 1, 391, 2506 (1973).
Matsumoto, K.; Martinez, M.; Gutel, T.; Mailley, S.; Patoux, S.; Inoue, K.; Utsugi, K. Stability of trimethyl phosphate non-flammable based electrolyte on the high voltage cathode (LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4). J. Power Sources 2015, 273, 1084-1088.
Luo, W. H.; Zhao, L. H. Inorganic-organic hybrid membranes with anhydrous proton conduction prepared from tetraethoxysilane, 3-glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, trimethyl phosphate and diethylethylammonium trifluoromethanesulfonate. J. Membr. Sci. 2014, 451, 32-39.
Hazard Statements: H302-H315-H319-H340-H351
Harmful if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause genetic defects. Suspected of causing cancer.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.