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Acetaldoxime is used as an oxygen scavenger in boiler water. It is also used as an intermediate in chemical synthesis and pharmaceuticals. It is involved in the rearrangement reaction to prepare acetamide by using nickel(II) acetate as a catalyst. It acts as a precursor to prepare heterocyclic compound such as spiroisoxazoline. Further, it is used to prepare alkylated(Z)-oximes by deprotonation followed by reaction with benzyl bromide.
The dimetallated species (n-BuLi, -78o) can be alkylated at the ɑ-position: Tetrahedron Lett., 25, 263 (1984).
Chlorination with NCS: Tetrahedron, 40, 2985 (1984), or chlorine, gives the chloroxime, dehydrochlorination of which generates acetonitrile N-oxide, a reactive 1,3-dipole which undergoes cycloadditions with alkenes providing a one-pot route to 2-isoxazolines (same ref.):
Nitrile oxides can be generated from other aldoximes in a similar manner. The resulting isoxazolines can readily be reduced to 3-hydroxy ketones.
Yu, J.; Jin, Y.; Lu, M. 3-Methyl-4-oxa-5-azahomoadamantane as an Organocatalyst for the Aerobic Oxidation of Primary Amines to Oximes in Water. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2015, 357 (6), 1175-1180.
Yu, J.; Cao, X.; Lu, M. A novel and efficient catalytic system including TEMPO/acetaldoxime/InCl 3 for aerobic oxidation of primary amines to oximes. Tetrahedron Lett. 2014, 55 (42), 5751-5755.
Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H312-H332-H319
Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Harmful if inhaled. Causes serious eye irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P280-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P501a
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.