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79-24-3 - Nitroethane, 99% - A10855 - Alfa Aesar

A10855 Nitroethane, 99%

CAS Number
79-24-3
Synonyms

Size Price ($) Quantity Availability
100g 25.49
500g 54.02
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Nitroethane, 99%

MDL
MFCD00007404
EINECS
201-188-9

Chemical Properties

Formula
CH3CH2NO2
Formula Weight
75.07
Melting point
-89°
Boiling Point
112-115°
Flash Point
30°(86°F)
Density
1.046
Refractive Index
1.3920
Solubility
Soluble in water (4.6 g/100 ml at 20°C).

Applications

Nitroethane is used as industrial solvents and pharmaceutical intermediates, explosives and as rocket fuel.

Notes

Store in cool place. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. It is hygroscopic in nature. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids and strong bases.

Literature References

David J. T. Porters.; Harold J. Bright. Mechanism of Oxidation of Nitroethane by Glucose Oxidase. The Journal Of Biological Chemistry. 1977, 252, (12), 4361-4370.

Syun-ichi Kiyooka.; Yuichi Kaneko.; Ken-ichi Kume. The catalytic asymmetric aldol reaction of silyl ketene acetals with aldehydes in the presence of a chiral borane complex. Nitroethane as a highly effective solvent for catalytic conditions. Tetrahedron Letters. 1992, 33, (34), 4927-4930.

Aldehydes are converted to nitriles in one step in the presence of NaOAc/AcOH (NH4OAc gives the "expected" alkylidene derivative): Synthesis, 510 (1985):

For a review of the use of nitro-compounds as alkyl anion synthons, including methods for removing the nitro-group from the resulting carbon skeletons, see: Synthesis, 833 (1988).

For further reactions of aliphatic nitro-compounds, see Nitromethane, A11806.

GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements

Hazard Statements: H226-H302-H332

Flammable liquid and vapour. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled.

Precautionary Statements: P210-P261-P280-P240-P241-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P301+P312-P312-P501a

Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/ equipment. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.

Other References

Merck
14,6597
Beilstein
1209324
Hazard Class
3
Packing Group
III
Harmonized Tariff Code
2904.20
TSCA
Yes
RTECS
KI5600000

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