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Sodium tetraphenylborate is used as a precipitating reagent for potassium and as a protecting agent to protect amino acids. It is used in the preparation of N-acylammonium salts. It finds application as a phenyl donor in palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions to prepare arylalkenes and biaryl compounds. It is used in inorganic and organometallic chemistry due to its solubility in nonpolar solvents. Furthermore, it is involved in the isolation of complexes having dinitrogen ligands.
Reagent for potassium by precipitation: Anal. Chem., 29, 1044 (1957).
Has been used to protect amino acids by formation of a diphenylborinate chelate, stable to AcOH or TFA, but cleaved by base: Tetrahedron, 39, 2995 (1983); Liebigs Ann. Chem., 127 (1989):
The cross coupling of tetraphenylborates or aryl boronic acids with aryl halides is catalyzed by Pd(OAc)2 in aqueous solutions: Dokl. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 315, 354 (1990); see also: Gazz. Chem. Ital., 120, 779 (1990). Cross couples with vinyl and aryl triflates under Pd catalysis: Tetrahedron Lett., 35, 4835 (1992); 33, 4815 (1992). Similarly, allyl acetates are phenylated: Tetrahedron Lett., 31, 7453 (1990).
Howa, J. D.; Lott, M. J.; Ehleringer, J. R. Isolation and stable nitrogen isotope analysis of ammonium ions in ammonium nitrate prills using sodium tetraphenylborate. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2014, 28 (13), 1530-1534.
Boruń, A.; Trzcińska, I.; Bald, A. Conductometric Studies of Sodium Iodide, Sodium Tetraphenylborate, Tetrabutylammonium Iodide, and Sodium Tetrafluoroborate in 1-Propanol at Temperatures from (283.15 to 318.15) K. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 2014, 9, 7805-7818.
Hazard Statements: H301-H315-H319-H335
Toxic if swallowed. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye irritation. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P260-P201-P280g-P304+P340-P405-P501a
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Obtain special instructions before use. Wear protective gloves. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.