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Fumaric acid is used as a food additive and acid regulator. It is used in the production of polyester resins and polyhydric alcohols. It is also used as a mordant for dyes, paint additives, coating additives, plasticizers, processing aids and specific to petroleum production. Further, it is used in dentifrices as a stain remover and to make other chemicals. In addition to this, it is used in rosin esters, drying oils, printing inks and flavoring agent.
Rose, J. L.; Tata, B. V. R.; Talmon, Y.; Aswal, V. K.; Hassan, P. A.; Sreejith, L. Distinctive effect of maleic acid and fumaric acid on structural transitions in cationic micellar solution. Colloid. Polym. Sci. 2015, 293 (5), 1383-1390.
Huang, D.; Wang, R.; Du, W.; Wang, G.; Xia, M. Activation of glycerol metabolic pathway by evolutionary engineering of Rhizopus oryzae to strengthen the fumaric acid biosynthesis from crude glycerol. Bioresour. Technol. 2015, 196, 263-272.
Hazard Statements: H319-H500
Causes serious eye irritation. May form combustible dust concentrations in air
Precautionary Statements: P264b-P280i-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Wear eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.