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Diethylenetriamine is used as a solvent for plastics, dyes and in chemical synthesis. It serves as a curing agent for epoxy-resins. As a tridentate ligand, it form complexes such as Co(dien)(NO2)3 in coordination chemistry. It is also used as a fuel additive. It reacts with fatty acid resulting in the formation of amidoamines, which are used as corrosion inhibitors in the petroleum industry. It is associated with unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine to prepare hydyne, which is a propellant for liquid-fuel rockets.
Galhoum, A. A.; Mahfouz, M. G.; Rehem, S. T. A.; Gomaa, N. A.; Atia, A. A.; Vincent, T.; Guibal, E. Diethylenetriamine-functionalized chitosan magnetic nano-based particles for the sorption of rare earth metal ions [Nd(III), Dy(III) and Yb(III)]. Cellulose 2015, 22 (4), 2589-2605.
Koizumi, Y.; Hirooka, M.; Ochi, H.; Tokumoto, Y.; Takechi, M.; Hiraoka, A.; Ikeda, Y.; Kumagi, T.; Matsuura, B. Characterization of the biliary tract by virtual ultrasonography constructed by gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. J Med Ultrason 2015, 42 (2), 185-193.
Hazard Statements: H227-H302+H312-H314-H317-H330-H335
Combustible liquid. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Fatal if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation.
Precautionary Statements: P210-P235-P260-P264b-P270-P271-P272-P280-P284-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P310-P330-P331-P333+P313-P363-P370+P378q-P501c
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking. Keep cool. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Wear respiratory protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. In case of fire: Use CO2, dry chemical, or foam Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant